What is a stress fracture?
A stress fracture in an incomplete crack in the bone caused by overuse. A foot that is not structurally sound is prone to developing stress fractures. Even a normal foot can easily develop a stress fracture from repetitive use. Symptoms may include pain, redness, and swelling.
- 0.7-15% of athletics injuries are stress fractures.
- Track athletes have the highest amount of stress fractures.
- The first metatarsal accounts for 10% of metatarsal stress fractures.
- The second, third and fourth metatarsals account for 90% of metatarsal injuries.
- There is a decrease in the incidence of stress fractures in men with lean body mass.
- 8.8% of stress fractures occur in the metatarsals.
- 25.3% of stress fractures occur in the tarsal bones.
- 0.9% of stress fractures occur in the sesamoids.
- 28% of stress fractures occur in the calcaneus.
Causes of stress fractures:
- Overuse or strain of the foot.
- Medical conditions such as osteoporosis.
- Medications such as steroids.
- Sudden increased activity level.
What can you do?
- Use cold compresses or ice.
- Get complete rest.
- Elevate the feet.
- Stay off your feet.
What will Dr. Allen do for you?
- Perform a physical examination.
- Perform x-ray evaluation and future exams as needed.
- Immobilize or cast the foot/leg.
- Prescribe custom orthotics for long term control and prevention.
- Prescribe medications when indicated.